These papers have been published here to open discussion, or maybe it’s better stated, to continue the discussion, on the speed of light as a variable. These papers can provide a whole new understanding of how the universe works and why we haven’t been able to answer some of the age old questions in quantum physics, particle physics, astronomy and a host of other topics.

The following is a new, or not so new, look at the speed of light. While generally it has been said that the speed of light is a constant, multiple experiments and daily observations by astronomers (red shift) show that the speed of light is most definitely not constant. We say the speed of light is constant when referring to the light wave in “free space”, or where it isn’t interacting with anything, and this has been widely accepted as **THE** “speed of light” for many decades.

A portion of this topic is vigorously discussed in multiple forums, and addresses the question whether or not light has any mass….does E really equal mc^{2}.The position of Turbx is that Einstein was correct. That equation does indeed stand as fact. The math contained in these papers proves (in a different manner than ever presented before) that to be correct once again.

The papers presented below have been put together by a senior engineer. While he isn’t a physicist, he most decidedly has the math background, wave theory background, and patents that show he has provided multiple technology breakthroughs in multiple fields and just may…just may….. have a valid point. In any case his resume justifies we at least take a look at what could be a significant contribution to our understanding of the speed of light, electrons, photons, quarks, and several other particles that have eluded detailed explanation. We can safely assume he can do the basic **math** that is presented herein but **please** feel free to **check it**.

The math here is NOT what you are used to seeing, there are some equations that on their face seem obviously incorrect. However, if you **ACTUALLY DO THE MATH**, and not simply look at the equation, you will find that each formula is algebra and proves itself when checked.

There are several different tabs at the top. I am one of those who chooses to read only the layman’s paper. While the layman’s paper doesn’t have the math in it that the scientific version does, I wouldn’t be able to argue the math anyway. For those of you who can: **PLEASE CHECK THE MATH**, and help us to understand why it works the way it does, and why the speed of light is a variable and not a constant.